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MULTIPLIER EFFECT ON DEFENSE INDUSTRY TECHNOLOGY: AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGIES AND HUMAN’S NEW POSITION

  • Autonomous systems are systems that can make decisions in line with their goals, take action accordingly, adapt to environmental conditions, and interact with other systems. All technologies based on artificial intelligence such as autonomous vehicles, drones and Siri can be examples.
  • When we look at the effectiveness of autonomous technologies in the military field, we see an increasing importance and accelerating studies in history. The number and effects of cyber-physical systems are increasing in areas such as unmanned vehicles, command control systems, simulation systems.
  • Development is inevitable with change and the correct management of this change. Indeed, opposing this change means opposing technological progress.

“MULTIPLIER EFFECT ON DEFENSE INDUSTRY TECHNOLOGY:

AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGIES AND THE NEW POSITION OF HUMAN “

LEVENT UYSAL

HEAD OF NİŞANTAŞI EDUCATION AND CULTURE FOUNDATION

A new technology revolution has emerged with the introduction of autonomous systems in people’s lives. Autonomous systems are systems that can make decisions in line with their goals, take action accordingly, adapt to environmental conditions, and interact with other systems continuously. All technologies based on artificial intelligence such as autonomous vehicles, drones and Siri can be examples.

Many writers, screenwriters and scientists; He thinks that machine-human war is inevitable, and even physicist Stephan Hawking has always said that artificial intelligence will bring the end of humanity. Despite these fears, technological studies continue rapidly. The initiatives that started in the 1930s by focusing on remote control, came to the fore in the field of guidance systems in 1940-1955, and continued with satellite intensity in 1955-1975. The importance of the software increased in 1980-1990. This period can be considered as the period in which steps are taken especially for artificial intelligence developments. In the years 1990-2000, learning, object recognition, network systems were his main research subjects; In the years 2000-2010, autonomy was emphasized. In the following years, autonomous inference and decision-making features were studied.

“What will be the position of people in the new technological order?”

When we look at the effectiveness of autonomous technologies in the military field, we see an increasing importance and accelerating studies in history. The number and effects of cyber-physical systems are increasing in areas such as unmanned vehicles, command control systems, simulation systems. In the civilian field, giant technology brands manage the developments in this field with artificial intelligence technologies. With each passing day, autonomous systems are becoming more powerful and indispensable in our daily life. Especially; We see the effects of autonomous systems in shipping, agriculture, transportation and aviation. And yet, the question arises: What will be the position of people in this new technological order?

Fear is against the unknown. Due to the speed of development of technology and the fact that giant technology brands that we are not a part of are managing this speed; There are still unknowns about what might happen. As a result, it is not unusual for us to have fears against developments and to have concerns that with the strengthening of autonomous systems, people will lose their jobs and therefore their place in society. As long as we do not know how to use technology and, more importantly, to develop it, as long as training in this field is incomplete; He will always believe in the possibility of movies in which that technology has taken over the world to be real, and the question remains whether developments such as autonomous systems will replace humans.

As technology develops, it cannot be avoided that it will do some tasks more efficiently than we do, which is already something intended. In this sense, to say that there will be no change in people’s position would be backward. With change and the correct management of this change, development is inevitable. Indeed, opposing this change means opposing technological progress. However, progress does not seem possible to stand still, given how much each of us is associated with technology.

At this point, I think the real question to ask is: What is human and what defines being human? People have empathy, creativity, emotion and the consciousness to live, grow old and die as the biggest difference. For this reason, technology and human should not actually be compared, but the most efficient form of their association should be investigated. Autonomous systems will give people more time to become human. With the transfer of the burden of daily monotonous, unnecessary time-consuming work to autonomous systems, individuals will be able to devote more time to themselves, their learning and development processes, and their families. For example, consider the process of reading and grading each assignment one by one in a class of 20, transferring these grades to the online system one by one, and then sharing them online with students and families: Wouldn’t it be good if an autonomous system could handle this in a few minutes rather than hours and hours of the teacher? The teacher could use those hours by spending one-on-one time with his students. Or take a military system: Isn’t it easy, effective, and safer to send an autonomous vehicle to collect information in minutes to a dangerous area miles away in any crisis?

“What we have to do is learn the development and change process”

We are in a process of technological development and change that we cannot prevent. The main reason why we fear this process is not knowing. Despite all this obscurity, we are the ones who benefit the most from technology and who want to benefit more, or rather think that they are. However, we neither know how to use technology correctly nor take steps to learn. Actually, what we need to do is to learn, teach and train generations to manage this development and change process. Only in this way can we safely and effectively integrate technology into our lives so that we can benefit from technology in the most accurate way. If we want autonomous systems to correctly position our new location, we should be the ones to manage this process, not the ones to watch it.

Global Savunma